Its neither God … nor Particle. Its a Boson… a Force.
The proton is made up of three quarks – two `up quarks` and one `down quark`- and nothing but the three quarks, but the sum of the masses of the three quarks adds up to just about one percent of the mass of the proton, where does the remaining 99 % mass comes from?
Now consider Einstein`s equation `e = m*c*c`
It’s the equivalence of Mass and energy via Einstein’s above equation, and the enormous energy contained in the Proton which keeps it in one piece, and so gives it the mass.
Its true it all happened in the first billionth of a second after the big bang. There were about 30 million quarks and the same number (minus one) of anti quarks in each neighbourhood who annihilated each other in no time at all. But one anti quark was short, so one quark out of 30 million failed to find its counterpart anti quark and thus avoided annihilation. And it is this surplus set of quarks that constitute all the matter in the universe (including you and me). However this large scale annihilation of matter/antimatter resulted in a stupendous burst of energy in accordance with the same equation E = m*c*c* and this is what brought about all the radiation. The freedom of each single quark was quite short lived, in less than a micro second two other quarks joined that quark and together as a trio of quarks it got bigger and became a proton or may be a neutron with the former (2 up and 1 down) having an 80 % probability and the latter (1 up and 2 down) about 20 %.
You might call it a Field, a `Higgs Field` that did the trick…its your choice of nomenclature. But there is no such thing as a `Higgs Particle`that provided that 99% mass to the proton, nor can we say it is God, for God is supposed to be `omnipresent`, not just in 99 % of things.
But where did the quarks come from?… Phase transition of course, which means we cannot call the big bang as the beginning of time. It was a transition from something that already existed..Perhaps in the previous eon of the universe, which means the law of causation applies to the big bang too.
With all this, the unanswered question remains… what was that `something` that experienced that transition?… `something` that was converted to `something else`. The truth is that our present level of knowledge is too scanty to answer these questions. We can only speculate.
May be if this Phase transition happened once, it can happen again, it could even be a cyclic phenomena. So in order to guess what happened in the past, it might be a good approach to analyze – with our limited knowledge – what might happen in deep future…trillions and trillions of years deep… when dark energy has driven the universe towards perpetual `nothingness`…and photons are doing nothing else except getting bored…when entropy has reached its maximum limit…and then something happens – caused by a different law of physics, which we do not understand now – when the universal vacuum gets suddenly energized and brings about the cosmological inflation and the big bang once again…or may be there is all that information acquired through trillions and trillions of years, including all the mathematical constants etc available to the cosmic consciousness of the time, with the help of the all pervading `Intelligent Field`, which then prepares a computer programme and then switches on the big bang …What do I know..
But the `Intelligent Field` knows.